01 March 2022

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

This blog post include how to install apache, php-fpm and mariadb on Centos 7. Then install wordpress with minimal configuration.

Install And Configure LAMP

1. Install Apache

yum install httpd

Start apache

systemctl start httpd

Restart apache

systemctl restart httpd

Status of the apache

systemctl status httpd

2. Install mariadb server

yum install mariadb-server

Start mariadb server

systemctl start mariadb

Restart mariadb server

systemctl restart mariadb

Status of the mariadb server

systemctl status mariadb

To secure mariadb server, do this.

mysql_secure_installation

The following will be prompted.

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!

3. Install PHP-FPM Server

yum -y install centos-release-scl.noarch yum -y install rh-php72 rh-php72-php rh-php72-php-fpm rh-php72-php-mysqlnd

Start PHP-FPM

systemctl start rh-php72-php-fpm

Restart PHP-FPM

systemctl restart rh-php72-php-fpm

Status of the PHP-FPM

systemctl status rh-php72-php-fpm

We have to make additional httpd setup, so that php files can be processed by php-fpm server. To do so, follow these steps.

a. Create fpm.conf file.

/etc/httpd/conf.d/fpm.conf

And fill it with this.

ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/var/www/html Alias / /var/www/html/

b. Restart apache.

systemctl restart httpd

To make sure it is working, create a file named info.php

nano /var/www/html/info.php

And fill it with this.

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

c. Type the following into your beloved browser's address bar, then hit enter

http://ip_address/info.php

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

Install Wordpress

To install wordpress, follow these steps.

1. Create a file named wp.conf

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/wp.conf

Fill it with the following.

<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName wordpress ServerAlias *.wordpress DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/wordpress" <Directory "/var/www/html/wordpress"> Require all granted DirectoryIndex index.php AllowOverride FileInfo FallbackResource /index.php </Directory> <Directory "/var/www/html/wordpress/wp-admin"> FallbackResource disabled </Directory> ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php(/.*)?)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/var/www/html/wordpress/$1 </VirtualHost>

Restart apache

systemctl restart httpd

2. Create database

create database wpdatabase;

3. Create database user

CREATE USER 'wpuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Cwo48*&#';

4. Grant all privileges of the database user on database.

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wpdatabase.* TO 'wpuser'@'localhost';

5. Download wordpress.

cd /var/www/html wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

6. Extract latest.tar.gz.

tar xzvf latest.tar.gz

7. Type the following into your beloved browser's address bar, then hit enter

http://ip_address

The following page will be displayed on your computer screen.

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

Hit "Let's Go" button.

8. Enter the database you have just created into the following page. Then hit "submit" button.

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

9. In this step, you will be asked to create wp-config.php. Copy the text you find in this step and paste it into the wp-config.php you have just created. And click "run the installation".

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

The example of wp-config.php.

<?php /** * The base configuration for WordPress * * The wp-config.php creation script uses this file during the * installation. You don't have to use the web site, you can * copy this file to "wp-config.php" and fill in the values. * * This file contains the following configurations: * * * MySQL settings * * Secret keys * * Database table prefix * * ABSPATH * * @link https://codex.wordpress.org/Editing_wp-config.php * * @package WordPress */ // ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** // /** The name of the database for WordPress */ define( 'DB_NAME', 'wpdatabase' ); /** MySQL database username */ define( 'DB_USER', 'wpuser' ); /** MySQL database password */ define( 'DB_PASSWORD', 'Cwo48*&#' ); /** MySQL hostname */ define( 'DB_HOST', 'localhost' ); /** Database Charset to use in creating database tables. */ define( 'DB_CHARSET', 'utf8' ); /** The Database Collate type. Don't change this if in doubt. */ define( 'DB_COLLATE', '' ); /**#@+ * Authentication Unique Keys and Salts. * * Change these to different unique phrases! * You can generate these using the {@link https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/ WordPress.org secret-key service} * You can change these at any point in time to invalidate all existing cookies. This will force all users to have to log in again. * * @since 2.6.0 */ define('AUTH_KEY', 'b&pCKl@v)?,Pw[BY#uaU^?rJI8p9u5/>`nU/:C9AWIRA27KwRG?!#-}`t6Y`Y+nn'); define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY', '[a6tJ(2`sxm![v2HdW!k72+ZV~^Wu:TP8R-[4{~H|]HWJTE%6&:GC7n3U)yITPsF'); define('LOGGED_IN_KEY', 'xn@V/-c3>0i%z}wV5`R-|GL/e>C4dMYlIWH>-oKmc=P [#QFOv}O-^%@ajz0-h<`'); define('NONCE_KEY', 'MxFMeyczY:zi7r98k(wg_,5J^o+yumK smFrPIlQ~2fZeEbjg+t*1IfDXD(%gh$-'); define('AUTH_SALT', '||zuN%h-*wgEBkOs>n-z~'); define('LOGGED_IN_SALT', '?W9YVziA8]mMSt,7&16hbbg QDN:7Ip TM/J[Kzeu4/;eA$L{LT9}@#^_X:Je!WV'); define('NONCE_SALT', '[PWqef,WJ3*i 1:1[Mup9%`1?^XUIjaO2D!|+c!HAhZ{.DbObb$b4}+BWl|*s@}T'); /**#@-*/ /** * WordPress Database Table prefix. * * You can have multiple installations in one database if you give each * a unique prefix. Only numbers, letters, and underscores please! */ $table_prefix = 'wp_'; /** * For developers: WordPress debugging mode. * * Change this to true to enable the display of notices during development. * It is strongly recommended that plugin and theme developers use WP_DEBUG * in their development environments. * * For information on other constants that can be used for debugging, * visit the Codex. * * @link https://codex.wordpress.org/Debugging_in_WordPress */ define( 'WP_DEBUG', false ); /* That's all, stop editing! Happy publishing. */ /** Absolute path to the WordPress directory. */ if ( ! defined( 'ABSPATH' ) ) { define( 'ABSPATH', dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/' ); } /** Sets up WordPress vars and included files. */ require_once( ABSPATH . 'wp-settings.php' );

10. Fill the "Site title, Username, Password and Your Email" with the "Site title, Username, Password and Your Email" you like. Do not check the Search Engline Visibility. Fill out the information and click "Install Wordpress."

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

11. If the installation process is complete, you can login to wordpress admin with the username and password you have provided.

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

Install Wordpress With Apache And PHP-FPM On Centos 7

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